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Types of Termites in Florida

January 25, 2017

termite in florida

Whoever says, “things are bigger in Texas,” hasn’t spent a lot of time in Florida. We know big, especially when talking about things that bite and go bump in the night. Insects in Florida are no joke, and we usually have many different varieties of each bug. One such insect that plagues homeowners in Florida is the termite. What types of termites in Florida can you name? They are not all the same.

Eastern Subterranean Termites

The Eastern subterranean termite is the termite most people think of when they talk about termites in the United States. Nearly 20 percent of homes will experience termite problems. That is 1 in 5 homes. The Eastern subterranean termite is the most common in the continental United States. These termites can be found as far west as Utah, to the northern corners or Minnesota, and down to the tips of Texas.

The swarmers are most active in the spring. The perfect climate for the Eastern subterranean termite is 70 degrees and higher, which makes Florida the perfect place to thrive. These termites target building wood and Douglas firs, causing millions of dollars in damage each year.

Florida Dampwood Termites

Termites prefer dark, moist environments. Thanks to Florida’s humidity, homes and buildings are at an increased risk. Any wood that is left untreated, such as playground equipment, logs, trees, outdoor and indoor furniture, and posts, is susceptible to a termite infestation. The ideal meal for the Florida dampwood termite is living trees, which leaves newly pruned trees at risk.

The Florida dampwood termite also prefers to live in your home. They can enter through leaky roofs, windows, doors, cracks and crevices, and porch screens. Once the Florida dampwood termite enters your home, it is on the lookout for your leaky spots in the kitchen, bathroom, and attic. They do not burrow underground.

Formosan Subterranean Termites

The Formosan subterranean termite is a ground-dweller that was first spotted and reported in Florida in the early 1980s. A singe colony can host as many as a million or more termites. The Formosan subterranean termite poses a unique threat to homeowners because of its vast colony size and foraging appetites. They are on the hunt for cellulose found in trees and wooden structures.

The Formosan subterranean termite builds foraging tubes through homes and other structures once it invades. They connect all the tubes together to share food. The tubes come up from the ground and link directly into the home. While these termites don’t eat as much as a single, native termite, they live in much larger colonies. This allows the termites to do more damage to a structure in a shorter amount of time. The termites are most active between April and July, when Florida is most humid and the nights are long.

Powderpost Drywood Termites

The powderpost drywood termite is found exclusively in Florida. They want to eat your dry wood, such as furniture and wall posts. They don’t need moisture from the ground. Their moisture comes from the timber in furniture that they collect. Seasoned timbers found in the Florida coastline contains more than 12% moisture, whereas other timers throughout the US contain between 8% to 12%. Powderpost drywood termites are known to leave fecal droppings near openings of the wood they’ve infested.

Don’t let termite destroy your Florida home or business. Call the termite experts at Nozzle Nolen to identify the Florida termite in your home and quickly get rid of them for good.


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